Water in the house can originate from a variety of sources. Water may enter a property through leaks and seepage through basement flooring. Even cooking may add moisture to the air in your residence. The quantity of moisture that your home’s air can contain depends on the air’s temperature.
As the air temperature decreases, it can store less moisture. This is why moisture condenses on cool surfaces during cold weather (for example, drops of water form on the inside of a window). This wetness might promote the growth of biological contaminants. There are several methods for controlling moisture in the home: Fix any leaking or seepage.
If water is entering your home from the exterior, you have a choice of alternatives, from modest landscaping to significant excavation and waterproofing. (The terrain should slope away from the residence.) Water in the basement might be caused by a lack of gutters or an incoming water flow.
- Leaks in pipes or near bathtubs and sinks can create a breeding ground for biological contaminants.
- Cover dirt in crawlspaces with plastic to prevent moisture from the ground from entering.
- Ensure that crawlspaces have enough ventilation.
- Utilize exhaust fans in bathrooms and kitchens for moisture removal (not into the attic).
Exhaust your clothes dryer outside. If you observe moisture on windows and other surfaces, turn off certain equipment (such as humidifiers or kerosene heaters). Use dehumidifiers and air conditioners to reduce moisture in the air, especially in hot, humid conditions, but be sure that the machines themselves do not become sources of biological pollutants.
Raise the temperature of areas where condensation occurs on chilly surfaces. Insulate or install storm windows. (A storm window positioned on the interior is more effective than one on the exterior.) Increase circulation by opening doors between rooms (particularly closet doors, which may be cooler than the rooms).
The circulation transports heat to cold surfaces. Increase air and heat circulation by utilizing fans and shifting furniture away from wall corners to increase air circulation. Ensure that your home has a supply of fresh air and the ability to evacuate excess moisture.
Particular attention should be paid to carpet on concrete floors. Carpet may absorb moisture and support the growth of biological contaminants. Utilize area rugs that can be removed and washed often. If carpet is to be laid over a concrete floor in some climates, it may be required to utilize a vapor barrier (plastic sheeting) and sub-flooring (insulation topped with plywood) to prevent a moisture issue.
Moisture issues and their remedies vary from climate to climate. It is cold and wet in the Northeast, hot and dry in the Southwest, hot and wet in the South, and cold and dry in the Western Mountain states. All of these regions may have moisture issues.
What causes excessive indoor humidity?
What causes a home’s excessive humidity? – Humidity in a home can be produced by a number of factors, but the leading cause is inadequate ventilation; in other words, the air in your home is not being circulated adequately, causing it to grow stagnant and humid.
Bacteria and viruses thrive in damp environments – Being exposed to excessive humidity might really make you sick, particularly with respiratory diseases. The bacteria and viruses that cause sickness flourish and multiply in air with a relative humidity of greater than 60 percent.
In addition, humid air causes these pollutants to remain airborne for longer before settling on surfaces. Consequently, when you are in a humid workplace and others are sneezing and coughing around you, these terrible viruses linger around and proliferate. And it is more probable that you will inhale them.
Allergens accelerate to top speed According to a paper published by the National Institute of Health in Environmental Health Perspectives, excessive humidity leads to greater levels of dust mites and fungus, two of the greatest culprits for indoor allergy sufferers.
- Asthma patients beware Mold and fungus are known to aggravate asthma and other respiratory problems.
- Even those without allergies or asthma might develop hypersensitivity responses to fungi that thrive in excessively humid circumstances.
- The majority of these bacteria flourish at relative humidity levels above 75%.
Even if you cannot see them, they may be present in your office’s ceiling tiles, bathrooms, kitchens, carpets, and furnishings. They may even be growing in the ducting of your air conditioning system. Increased airborne chemical pollutants due to humidity Organic contaminants such as bacteria, mold, and dust mites are not the only things that thrive in humid air.
As humidity rises, so do the concentrations of airborne compounds that have negative bodily impacts. Everyday construction elements such as carpet and wood items emit formaldehyde into the air. The term for this is “off gassing.” Due to their reactivity with water vapor, the concentration of these toxic compounds increases when there is excessive humidity in the air.
Even minimal contact to these compounds can cause irritation of the skin, eyes, and throat, as well as respiratory problems. This issue is exacerbated by the development of energy-efficient buildings with inadequate ventilation rates for fresh air. For optimal interior air quality, it is crucial that contemporary buildings maintain adequate humidity levels.
Does opening windows reduce humidity levels?
Does Opening Windows Help With Humidity? – Before implementing this method, it is essential to determine if opening windows helps with humidity. You should avoid increasing the humidity in your home at all costs! Because it promotes air circulation and helps redirect warm or wet air outside, opening a window can help reduce the humidity within a home.